Book chapterThe proliferation of votive and ritual bronzes during the Late Period would have required a steady supply of metals, in the shape of either bronze scrap or raw materials — not only copper, but also lead, which often formed a high percentage of their alloys. While the use of recycled...
Masson-Berghoff, Aurélia ; Pernicka, Ersnt
BookThe papers cover the results of a programme of collaboration between Russian and western European researchers on the archaeology of the medieval Russian city and Hanseatic trading post of Novgorod. In addition to its size, it is famous for the unique preservation of organic and inorganic materials, including streets and...
Gaimster, David ; Brisbane, Mark
Book chapterIn the early Islamic period, trade across the Sahara escalated to new levels as West African resources, including most significantly gold, were imported on camel caravans to the markets of North Africa and the wider Islamic world trade system, these goods being exchanged for products from North Africa such as...